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COMMENTARY
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 728  

COVID-19, school closure, city lockdown, and infection control


Department of Community Medicine, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra, India; Department of Tropical Medicine, Hainan Medical University, Haikou, China

Date of Submission29-Apr-2020
Date of Decision30-Jun-2020
Date of Acceptance30-Jul-2020
Date of Web Publication06-Jul-2021

Correspondence Address:
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Department of Community Medicine, Dr DY Patil University, Pune, Maharashtra

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_215_20

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How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit V. COVID-19, school closure, city lockdown, and infection control. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth 2021;14:728

How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit V. COVID-19, school closure, city lockdown, and infection control. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Nov 30];14:728. Available from: https://www.mjdrdypv.org/text.asp?2021/14/6/728/320705



COVID-19 is a new disease caused by a novel coronavirus. This infection can cause severe respiratory disease, and mortality is possible. COVID-19 is an important pandemic that becomes global threat. The disease affects >200 countries worldwide, and the control of the outbreak is a challenge. As a highly contagious disease, distancing is a key concept for prevention person-to-person transmission. The crowded places are focused in the infection control. Of several crowded places, school is considered an important place. At school, many children study and communicate altogether, and there is a risk of disease outbreak at school.

School closure is an important preventive measure. It is usually accompanied with the partial and complete lockdown of the city. This issue is a very interesting topic in clinical medicine. The publication in the Med J Dr. D.Y. Patil Univ clearly shows the impact of school closure during COVID-19 outbreak.[1] Indeed, school closure is a basic infection control method when an infectious disease occurs among children in the school. Until present, there are some outbreaks in universities or colleges, but there are limited reports on outbreak in school. In fact, COVID-19 among children is limited and considered not as serious as that seen in adult and geriatric population.

The main aim of school closure is controlling of infection. The other effect of school closure is an interesting issue that is little mentioned. In addition to school closure, it is necessary to provide knowledge for students to increase engagement in a public health initiative in response to COVID-19.[2] In some reports, the association between school closure and nutritional status of children, either undernutrition or obesity, is mentioned.[3],[4] A distanced school-based nutrition program feeding under COVID 19 might be considered in developing countries during the outbreak crisis.[5] To consider school closure, there is a requirement for good consideration.[6] Bayham and Fenichel noted that “the potential contagion prevention from school closures needs to be carefully weighed with the potential loss of health-care workers from the standpoint of reducing cumulative mortality due to COVID-19, in the absence of mitigating measures.[7]” According to the study by Viner et al.,[8]policymakers need to be aware of the equivocal evidence when considering school closures for COVID-19, and that combinations of social distancing measures should be considered.”



 
  References Top

1.
Corona Virus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Implications for schools and strategies to prevent school-based transmission. Med J Dr DY Patil Univer, DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_89_20.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
de Moura Villela EF, de Oliveira FM, Toffoli Leite S, Bollela VR. Student engagement in a public health initiative in response to COVID-19. Med Educ. 2020;54:763-4. [doi: 10.1111/medu.14199].  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Joob B, Wiwanitkit V. COVID-19, school closings and weight gain. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2020;28:1006. [doi: 10.1002/oby. 22825].  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Rundle AG, Park Y, Herbstman JB, Kinsey EW, Wang YC. COVID-19-related school closings and risk of weight gain among children. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2020;28:1008-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Francis NN, Pegg S. Socially distanced school-based nutrition program feeding under COVID 19 in the rural Niger Delta. Extr Ind Soc . 2020;7:576-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Armitage R, Nellums LB. Considering inequalities in the school closure response to COVID-19. Lancet Glob Health 2020;8:e644.  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Bayham J, Fenichel EP. Impact of school closures for COVID-19 on the US health-care workforce and net mortality: A modelling study. Lancet Public Health 2020. pii: S2468-2667 (20) 30082-7.  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Viner RM, Russell SJ, Croker H, Packer J, Ward J, Stansfield C, et al. School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: A rapid systematic review. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2020;4:397-404.  Back to cited text no. 8
    




 

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