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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 687-690

Study of respiratory diseases, children residing in stone quarry


1 Professor, Dr D.Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center & Dr. D.Y.Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Associate Professor, Dr D.Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center & Dr. D.Y.Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Professor and Head of Department, Dr D.Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center & Dr. D.Y.Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manojkumar G Patil
Associate Professor, Dr D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center and Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra - 411018
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_190_21

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Objective: The aim is to study respiratory diseases in children staying in a stone quarry. Methods: Prospective longitudinal study. All 85 children staying in the stone quarry near Pune were followed for respiratory symptoms and nutritional status by monthly visits for a period of 18 months. At the time of enrolment, Hemogram, Chest X- ray Postero-anterior view (PA), Tuberculin Test (TT), Peak Expiratory Flow Rate{PEFR }(Of children age: 5-12 yrs.) was done. Results: In those 85 children, there were 394 episodes of respiratory infections (3.09 episodes per child per year). They had 53 episodes of pneumonia requiring admission. TT test was positive in 9.4%of children. Eosinophilia was present in 16.47% of children. PEFR in these children was significantly lower than that of children of the same height (P < 0.05); 64.2% of all children were malnourished; 42.8% had moderate malnutrition and 21.4% had severe malnutrition. None of them had received even vaccines provided under EPI completely. Conclusion: Children staying in the stone quarry have frequent respiratory infections. They have a higher rate of pneumonia requiring admission. TT positivity is high. They have a lower PEFR. Immunization coverage is poor.


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