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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 746-751

Evaluation of quality of life, type D personality and emotional factors in patients undergoing angioplasty- A Prospective study

Department of Psychiatry, Dr D.Y. Patil Medical College, Dr D Y PatilVidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suprakash Chaudhury
Department of Psychiatry, Dr D.Y. Patil Medical College, Dr D Y PatilVidyapeeth, Pimpri, Maharashtra, Pune
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_918_21

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Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been effective in increasing the longevity of patients with cardiovascular disease. Notwithstanding paucity of Indian studies on the psychological effects of PCI, there have been conflicting evidences with regard to improvement of quality of life in patients undergoing angioplasty. Aim: To evaluate change in the quality of life and emotional factors like depression, stress, and anxiety in patients undergoing angioplasty. Methods: This prospective longitudinal study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital and research centre in the western part of Maharashtra in a semi-urban location on 70 consecutive patients undergoing angioplasty from July 2019 to July 2021. Besides sociodemographic data patients were assessed with Type D Scale-14 (DS14), Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, and The MacNew heart disease health-related quality of life Questionnaire. After 15 days of the procedure, patients were re-evaluated with the same scales. Results: Mean age of our study population was 58.67 years of which 77.14% were men. The prevalence of Type D personality was 28.57%. There was a significant reduction in anxiety and stress scores and significant improvement in emotional and physical sub scales of Quality of life post angioplasty. On multiple regression analysis, anxiety and social inhibition emerged as predictors of depression. Conclusion: Angioplasty is associated with significant improvement in anxiety, stress, and emotional and physical subscales of Quality of life. Social inhibition, which is a component of Type D personality, anxiety, and loss of libido are significant predictors of depression in patients undergoing angioplasty.

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