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Assessment of health-promoting lifestyle profile in undergraduate medical students of a medical college

1 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Baramati, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, B. J. Government Medical College, Baramati, Maharashtra, India
3 THO, Saoner, Zilha Parishad, Pune, Maharashtra, India
4 BTO, Civil Hospital, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
5 THO, Baramati, Maharashtra, India
6 Department of Community Medicine, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Malangori Abdulgani Parande,
Department of Community Medicine, B. J. Government Medical College, Pune - 411 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_93_21

Introduction: According to the available statistics, 53% of deaths are related to lifestyle. The aim of this study was to evaluate health-promoting lifestyles in medical students of a medical college of Western Maharashtra, India. Objectives: To determine the health-promoting lifestyle behaviours among undergraduate medical students and to find out sociodemographic determinants of HPLP. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 307 undergraduate medical students. Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile Proforma (HPLP)was prepared which consists of two parts, Part I deals with the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants and Part II of the proforma deals with Health-promoting lifestyle information which was a modified version of HPLP II. It consists of 46 items divided into 7 subscales. Permission of Institute Ethical Committee was taken. Data was analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Mann Whitney test and predictors were determined by multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Medical students of this Institute showed good level of health-promoting lifestyle in total HPLP II score. The overall HPLP-II mean score and all subscales of HPLP except interpersonal relations were significantly more among the first and third year students than 2nd year students. Female students practiced significantly better food practices while Male students showed a significantly higher level of physical activity and self-concept. Income was the significant predictor of overall HPLP; age was the significant predictor of Health responsibility, sex and income were the significant predictor of physical activity, sex, living with family and income were significant predictor for food practices; sex, living with family were predictors of spiritual growth; BMI and income as a predictors for Interpersonal relations; and age was a predictor for stress management. Conclusion: The study results showed that Medical college students in Pune had reasonably good orientation towards health promoting practices.

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