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Survival analysis of burn patients attending a tertiary care hospital of western Maharashtra, India

1 Department of Community Medicine, B. J. Government Medical College, Pune, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Baramati, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Nandkumar Salunke,
Department of Community Medicine, B.J. Government Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_431_21

Introduction: Burn injuries are a major problem in low-income and middle-income countries. High population density, illiteracy, and poverty are the main demographic factors associated with a high risk of burn injury. Social, economic, and cultural factors interact to complicate the management, reporting, and prevention of burns. Aim: The aim of this study was to discover attributes associated with the survival of burn cases. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the survival of burn cases. To identify the factors associated with the survival of burn cases. Materials and Methods: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of 1 year started from January 2013 to December 2013, in the burn ward of Government Medical College, attached to the tertiary care hospital. Results: Overall, the mean survival time was 13 days (95% confidence interval = 10–16 days). Its time was significantly different (P = 0.000). The mean survival time was significantly associated (P = 0.007) with the nature of burn. It was a maximum (18 days) in patients having burn injury at workplace. It was 13 days in males as compared to 12 days in females. The mean survival time was maximum (20 days) in burn cases occurring between 6 pm and 12 midnight and minimum (10 days) in cases between 12 pm and 6 pm. Conclusions: The mean survival time was significantly associated with nature and mode of burn but was independent of age groups, time, place of occurrence, and sex of the patient.

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