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Maternal and perinatal outcome in covid-19 complicated pregnancies in a level-3 covid facility of North India


 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Santosh Deemed to be University, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Neelima Agarwal,
R 2/156 Rajnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_846_21

Background: Due to its physiologic immune suppression, pregnancy is a vulnerable time for severe respiratory infections including COVID-19. However, information regarding the effect of COVID-19 during pregnancy is limited. Objectives: To study the clinical profile of patients suffering from coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) during pregnancy and to evaluate the effect of COVID-19 on maternal, perinatal, and neonatal outcomes. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional observational study over a period of one year from June 2020 to May 2021, in Level-3 Covid facility in Ghaziabad. All pregnant females with confirmed positive for Corona virus infection admitted to the covid ward under the department of Obstetrics & Gynecology were included in the study. Results: A total of 233 pregnant women were included in the study. Maximum patients were from age group 21-30 years (53.2), multigravida (62.7%), and presented in the third trimester (80.7%). On admission, 198 patients (85%) had no covid related symptoms and only three patients had severe symptoms requiring ICU care. Total 102 patients delivered (43.77%), out of whom 40 had a normal vaginal delivery and 62 had a cesarean section. The incidence of preterm birth was 22.5% and maternal death was in three patients (1.3%). Conclusion: The common presentation of COVID-19 during pregnancy is either a mild disease or even asymptomatic. The maternal outcomes observed in late pregnancy and fetal and neonatal outcomes appear good in most cases. Further studies are required to know long-term outcomes and potential intrauterine vertical transmission.


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    -  Agarwal N
    -  Gupta M
    -  Agrawal A
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