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Seasonal variation of diarrheal disease, injuries, and respiratory infections among students of medical college in Western Maharashtra: Analysis of data of 07 years


 Department of Community Medicine, AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Arun K Yadav,
Department of Community Medicine, AFMC, Pune - 411 040, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mjdrdypu.mjdrdypu_655_20

Background: Diarrheal disease, injuries, and respiratory infections form the major chunk of diseases among adolescents. Hence, this study was carried out to study the seasonal variation among these three diseases. Aim: To study the seasonal variation among three diseases. Methods: A record-based retrospective study was conducted among students of a medical college in Western Maharashtra who reported to the General OPD. The data were collected for a period of 7 years from Jan 2012 to Mar 2019. The diseases were characterized under three board headings based on the predefined criteria. Results: All 10,881 sick reports of students reported during the period were included in the study. After exclusion, the data were analyzed for 6,322 sick reports. A total of 67% of the cases were of upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), followed by injuries (19%). On analyzing the seasonal variations among the three categories, it was observed that there was an increase in the cases of diarrhea in the postmonsoon months of September and October. Injuries were maximum from August to September. The seasonal trend could be seen in URTI cases with a maximum number of cases from January to March and August to October. Conclusions: The burden of these diseases could be reduced if we take measures to detect the changes in their trend through the implementation of surveillance programs.


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    -  Bansal A
    -  Yadav AK
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